carbon capture and storage

carbon capture and storage has been proposed as a potential solution to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions.  Greenhouse gases cause a warming of the earth’s atmosphere.  The most abundant greenhouse gases carbon dioxide.  The current concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere far exceeds the natural range of the last 650,000 years.  The main source of increased CO2 concentration is human induced fossil fuel emissions.

Fossil Fuel Emissions

Fossil Fuel Emissions

Deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are required if Australia is to meet the United Nations framework Convention on climate change goal of stabilisation of greenhouse gas emissions, to which Australia is signatory.  Carbon capture and storage is a technology aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels during industrial and energy related processes.  Involves capture, compression, transport, long-term storage and monitoring of CO2, that would otherwise be released to the atmosphere.  The advantage of carbon capture storage is that widespread use of this technology could achieve significant omission reductions without the need for rapid change in the energy supply infrastructure.  Research suggests that Australia can realistically store a maximum of 25% of our total annual net emissions through geological storage of CO2.  Carbon capture and storage should therefore be considered as a promising but still somewhat unproven option.

No single technology provides the solution to economically cut carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion.  There are many ways in which CO2 emissions can be reduced, such as improving energy efficiency and switching to renewable and low carbon methods of electricity generation.  Methods that are being used by Ballarat electrician to install solar panels and solar hot water services on residential homes is an example of one of the solutions needed to help with Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions.  Carbon capture and storage will therefore be only one of a sweet of solutions needed to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions.

For carbon capture and storage to achieve its potential as an emissions abatement tool, several hundreds to thousands of CO2 capture systems would need to be installed over the coming century.  The actual implementation of carbon capture and storage is likely to be lower due to factors such as as environmental impacts, risk of leakage and the lack of a clear legal framework or public acceptance.

In the long term, the world’s energy system may have to be based on nonfossil energy sources.  Decarbonising the use of fossil fuels by capture and storage of CO2 may help transition to a future carbon free energy system.

City Guide

Budapest has only been the capital of hungry for just over a decade and a half-1989, the 33rd anniversary of the 1956 uprising.  Budapest is known as one of the oldest and one of the youngest cities in Europe.  The Romans settled here early in the first century A.D. and built or would eventually become one of their most thriving metropolitan’s.  On the other hand, the story of modern Budapest only begins in 1873, when the hilly part of the city known as Buda merged with the flat industrial part known as test.  This formed what was to be called pest-buda.

Citizens of virtually all European countries as well is, Australia Croatia Israel, Japan, New Zealand and the USA do not require visas to visit Hungary.  Other nations should check current Visa requirements at the hungry Aryan consulate or even check with your airline company before booking flights.  Requirements often change without notice, so it might be a good idea to check online sources such as passport photos online for up-to-date information.

Budapest spreads out over 525 km².  It is a well laid out city, so much so that it is difficult to get lost.  Buda is leafy and unpolluted, and is a very nice view from the pest side of the Danube.  It contains important and historical landmarks such as the Castle Hill, the citadel, the National Gallery, the Budapest history Museum and the Roman baths.  Castle Hill is a limestone plateau 1 km long and towering 170 m above the Danube.  It contains Budapest most important mediaeval monuments and museums and is a UNESCO world Heritage site.  Any trip to Budapest should start here as it offers a great view of the city and all the things that you want to see whilst you are visiting Budapest.  There is 20 km of networked caves formed by the thermal springs that were supposedly used by the Turks for military purposes and as ever rate shelters during World War II.  You can catch a bus to Castle Hill, but a much more fun way is to walk as you will see all the nice gardens and trees as you walk along.

budapest bath

budapest bath

Budapest is a city made for walking and there are sites around every corner, from  brightly tiled gem of an aunt Deco building to colourful embroidery at the markets and metro stations.  Budapest lies on the geological fault separating the Buda Hills from the great plain.  Warm to scalding mineral water gushes forth daily from over 120 thermal springs.  As a result, the city is a major spa centre and visiting one of the many thermal baths or spa swimming pools is a true Budapest experience.  Some bars date from Turkish times, while others are brand-new modern establishments.  All baths and pools have cabins all lockers for you to lock your valuables in.  Although some of the local spas and baths look little rough around the edges, they are clean and the water is changed regularly.  In some establishments.  You will find long rows of heated spas, all at different temperatures.  You can start at the beginning with a caller spa and work your way through to the hottest spa the very end.  Some large heated pools can have fountains and jets of water as well is man-made whirlwinds-all of this can make for a fun and enjoyable experience that you will never forget.